UFSC » Programa de Pós-Graduação em Física
Mestrado, Doutorado e Pós-Doutorado em Física. Campus Florianópolis da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina.

(Português) Divulgação do Processo Seletivo para ingresso no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Física da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (PPGFSC/UFSC) – semestre 2015/2
Publicado em 23/02/2015 às 10:00

Seminar with prof. Francesca Gulminelli – 22/May/2015 – 10h15min
Publicado em 18/05/2015 às 10:21

THE PHYSICS GRADUATE PROGRAM invites everyone to the seminar: 

GULMI
University of Caen-Basse Normandie (France)

Sub-saturation equation of state for Core-Collapse Supernovae and Neutron Stars 

Francesca Gulminelli - LPC/Ensicaen and University of Caen (France)

Abstract:

The construction of a realistic equation of state for dense matter as it can be found in core-collapse supernovae and neutron stars is a formidable task which is not yet completely achieved. The structure of very high density matter in the neutron star core is by far the most uncertain part of the EoS modeling. However, even in the least exotic regime of sub-saturation matter, where the degrees of freedom are purely nucleonic and relatively well-known, the presence of clustering due to the Coulomb quenching of the nuclear liquid-gas phase transition requires beyond mean-field methods properly treating all the complexity of nuclear structure, in a regime of neutron-rich matter where no experimental data exist to validate the available effective interactions.

Self-consistent mean-field approaches with realistic effective interactions are still routinously applied at zero temperature. This is justified thanks to the Wigner-Seitz structure of stellar matter, which reduces the thermodynamic limit to a single nucleus problem. However, a consistent treatment at finite temperature in principle implies beyond mean-field configuration mixing. This is presently a problem since existing models are either done in the single nucleus approximation, or do not recover the single-nucleus Wigner-Seitz limit of zero temperature.

In this talk we will present a density-functional formalism which, by introducing explicit cluster degrees of freedom, consistently describes the neutron-rich nuclei immersed in the gas of their continuum states in the inner crust, and the nuclear statistical equilibrium of different in-medium modified nuclear species in supernova matter. The influence of the effective interaction, and specifically the density dependence of the symmetry energy, will also be discussed.


Date: 22/May/2015 - (friday) - Place: Sala 212 - Auditório do Departamento de Física- Time: 10h15min

 

 

 

 

Seminar with prof. João Evangelista Steiner – 15/May/2015 – 10h15min
Publicado em 11/05/2015 às 9:26

 THE PHYSICS GRADUATE PROGRAM invites everyone to the seminar: 

Buracos negros ativos, inativos e múltiplos: um recenseamento 

João Evangelista Steiner - IAG/USP

 Abstract:

Buracos negros supermassivos parecem residir na maioria das galáxias de alta massa e em uma fração das galáxias de baixa massa. Ao capturar gás, esses objetos tornam-se luminosos e são chamados de núcleos ativos. Parte significativa dos núcleos de galáxias no Universo Local não mostra atividade nuclear, podendo ter buracos negros inativos (sem captura de gás), mais difíceis de serem detectados.

Estamos conduzindo um recenseamento dos núcleos de todas as galáxias brilhantes (B <12 mag) do Hemisfério Sul, utilizando espectroscopia de campo integral nos telescópios Gemini, para estudar, com precisão inédita, suas propriedades nucleares e circumnucleares. Os resultados preliminares indicam que: 1) Em galáxias massivas, núcleos ativos são ao menos duas vezes mais frequentes do que indicavam pesquisas anteriores; 2) Há uma fração significativa de objetos ativos de muito baixa luminosidade; 3) Encontramos núcleos fora do centro ou com estrutura múltipla com frequência inesperada; 4) Gás ionizado ou neutro está presente no centro de 97% das galáxias massivas.

 

Date: 15/May/2015 - (friday) - Place: Sala 212 - Auditório do Departamento de Física- Time: 10h15min

 

 

 

 

Seminar with prof. Tiago José Nunes da Silva – 8/May/2015 – 10h15min
Publicado em 04/05/2015 às 14:12

 THE PHYSICS GRADUATE PROGRAM invites everyone to the seminar: 

   Busca da Janela Conforme 

Tiago José Nunes da Silva - University of Groningen, RUG, Holanda

 

Abstract:

Teorias de Calibre Não-Abelianas com um grande número de sabores exibem restauração de simetria conforme antes que liberdade assintótica seja perdida. Um dos cenários que tenta explicar como simetria conforme é restaurada é o cenário da Janela Conforme. Neste seminário eu irei introduzir o tema e reportar resultados recentes obtidos utilizando métodos de teoria de calibre na rede, um método não-perturbativo robusto para o estudo numérico de teorias de calibre.

 

Date: 8/May/2015 - (friday) - Place: Sala 212 - Auditório do Departamento de Física- Time: 10h15min

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Seminar with prof. Prof. Andy P. Monkman – 24/April/2015 – 10h15min
Publicado em 22/04/2015 às 8:54

THE PHYSICS GRADUATE PROGRAM invites everyone to the seminar: 

 

   Effect of singlet triplet recycling in the charge transfer state manifold and molecular geometry on thermally activated delayed fluorescence 

Prof. Andy P. Monkman

Dept. of Physics, Durham University, South Road Durham, UK

 

Abstract:

Figure 1: Temperature dependent delayed fluorescence measurements of a near zero exchange energy ICT TADF

Figure 1: Temperature dependent delayed fluorescence measurements of a near zero exchange energy ICT TADF

Detailed photophysical measurements of intramolecular charge transfer states have been made both in solution and solid state1. Temperature dependent emission and delayed emission are used to map the energy levels involved in molecule decay, and through detailed kinetic modelling of the thermally activated processes observed, true electron exchange energies and other energy barriers of the systems determined.

For specific donor acceptor molecular configurations, the CT singlet and triplet states are found to be the lowest lying excited states of the molecule with very small electron exchange energies = kT. In these cases the decay kinetics of the molecules become significantly different to normal molecules, and the effect of rapid recycling between CT singlet and triplet states is seen to greatly extend the lifetime of the ‘excited state’ and yield non-exponential decay. Quantum yields increase markedly, even though the intersystem crossing rate is fast, ? 109 s-1. The decay kinetics is found to be very sensitive to both temperature and sample inhomogeneity2, see figure 1. Temperature dependent delayed emission measurements reveal very different time domain behaviour and the effects of ICT emitter inhomogeneity is revealed. Clear evidence will be given to show that TADF reaches 100% efficiency at harvesting triplet states1,3, and device having > 15% EQE discussed.

 We will then go on to show the results for an ICT molecule with highly controlled structure i.e. the donor and acceptor fragments are held rigidly orthogonal. In this molecule the CT states can clearly be seen to be the lowest energy states of the molecule with a very small exchange energy (singlet triplet gap). Here we find that there are substantial differences between optical and electroluminescent photophysics resulting in device being far more efficient than is suggested by the molecules PLQY. For the first time we can show that the PLQY of the emitter is not the figure of merit to use in a device, because the excited states are formed in a different way within the device which avoids a major excited state quenching mechanism. This will be discussed in a new molecule that has a PLQY of 30% but gives devices having >19% EQE.

 TADF thus not only enables 100% of triplet states to be harvested, the charge transfer states which give rise to emission and TADF also enable more efficient singlet emission than ‘PLQY’ would lead us to believe.

 References

 1    V. Jankus, C. J. Chiang, F. Dias, and A. P. Monkman, Adv Mater 25, 1455 (2013).

2    F. B. Dias, K. N. Bourdakos, V. Jankus, K. C. Moss, K. T. Kamtekar, V. Bhalla, J. Santos, M. R. Bryce, and A. P. Monkman, Adv Mater 25, 3707 (2013).

3    D. Graves, V. Jankus, F. B. Dias, and A. Monkman, Adv Funct Mater 24, 2343 (2014).

4      Vygintas Jankus, Przemyslaw Data, David Graves, Callum McGuinness, Jose Santos, Martin R. Bryce, F. B. Dias, and A. P. Monkman, Advanced Functional Materials 24, 6178. (2014).

 

 

 Date: 24/April/2015 - (friday) - Place: Sala 212 - Auditório do Departamento de Física- Time: 10h15min

 

 

(Português) Relato da 168ª Reunião Ordinária do Colegiado Delegado do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Física da UFSC
Publicado em 16/04/2015 às 8:27

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Seminário con el prof. Stephen Patrick Walborn – 17 de abril de 2015 – 10h15min
Publicado em 13/04/2015 às 14:32

THE PHYSICS GRADUATE PROGRAM invites everyone to the seminar: 

Detection of quantum entanglement: experiments with spatially entangled photon pairs 

Stephen Patrick Walborn

Instituto de Física - UFRJ

 Abstract:

The twin photons produced by spontaneous parametric down-conversion have been an exceptional tool for the study of entanglement and quantum information. The spatial correlation of these photons was one of the first properties to be studied. Nevertheless, the convenient and efficient detection of quantum entanglement in the spatial variables is still an active area of research, with possible applications in quantum cryptography and communication. Here we present several experiments performed at the Quantum Optics Laboratory at the Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. We present several novel experimental methods to detect the entanglement in the transverse spatial variables of photon pairs. Both methods use spatial light modulators to imprint an appropriate phase profile on the down-converted photons. Our first method uses this phase profile to measure the spatial correlation functions directly. With these, we can evaluate known entanglement witnesses in a more efficient fashion, without the need for a position-dependent detection system. Our second method uses complementary masks to discretize the detection system, again allowing for a more efficient identification of entanglement via a novel entanglement witness.

 

Date: 17/April/2015 - (friday) - Place: Sala 212 - Auditório do Departamento de Física- Time: 10h15min

 

 

 

 

 

 

5min

(Português) Convocação para a 168ª Reunião Ordinária do Colegiado Delegado
Publicado em 09/04/2015 às 9:27

Seminar with prof. Rogerio Rosenfeld – 10/April/2015 – 10h15min
Publicado em 06/04/2015 às 9:22

 THE PHYSICS GRADUATE PROGRAM invites everyone to the seminar: 

   O Lado Escuro do Universo  

Rogerio Rosenfeld - Instituto de Física Teórica / UNESP

 

Abstract:

 Sabemos hoje que apenas 5% do Universo é composto de átomos. Nesse colóquio vou descrever brevemente o que pensamos que são os 95% restantes: matéria escura e energia escura.

 

Date: 10/April/2015 - (friday) - Place: Sala 212 - Auditório do Departamento de Física- Time: 10h15min

 

 

 

Doctoral Thesis defence of Marcos João Correia – 09/April/2015 – thursday – Times: 9:30 am
Publicado em 06/04/2015 às 8:00

The Physics Graduate Program invites everyone to:

 Defense of Doctoral Thesis

 Marcos João Correia

ESTUDO DE NANOPARTÍCULAS MAGNÉTICAS ATRAVÉS DE SIMULAÇÕES COMPUTACIONAIS

 

Defense Committee:

 Prof. Dr. Wagner Figueiredo – (president) - FSC/UFSC

Prof. Dr. Walther Schwarzacher – (external member) - University of Bristol

Drª. Sueli Hatsumi Masunaga – (external member) - USP/IF

Prof. Dr. Nilton da Silva Branco – (membro titular) - UFSC/FSC

Prof. Dr. Lucas Nicolao – (local member) - UFSC/FSC

Prof. Dr. Marcelo Freitas de Andrade – (local member) - UFSC/Araranguá

Prof. Dr. Marcus Emmanuel Benghi Pinto – (supplementary member)- UFSC/FSC

Date: 09/April/2015 - thursday - Times: 9:30 am - Place: Sala 212 - Auditório do Departamento de Física

Qualifying Examination for Doctoral Thesis of Carlos Gentil Oro Lemos – 02/April/2015 – thursday-10:00 am
Publicado em 31/03/2015 às 10:27

The Physics Graduate Program invites everyone to:

Qualifying Examination for Doctoral Thesis

 Carlos Gentil Oro Lemos

 TEOREMAS DE FLUTUAÇÕES APLICADOS A MODELOS MAGNÉTICOS

 

Defense Committee:

 Prof. Dr. Wagner Figueiredo - (president) - FSC/UFSC

Prof. Dr. Masayuki Oka Hase - (external member) - USP

Prof. Dr. Eduardo Inacio Duzzioni - (local member) - UFSC/FSC

Prof. Dr. Eduardo Cerutti Mattei - (local member) - UFSC/FSC

Prof. Dr. Lucas Nicolao – (supplementary member) - UFSC/FSC

Date: 02/April/2015 - thursday - Time: 10:00 am - Place: Sala 114 - Sala de Reuniões do Departamento de Física

 

 

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